It seems like a ridiculous question. We use our computers all the time, and we don’t ask anyone for permission. Our work devices are a bit different, but let’s forget them and stick with our own computers, phones, and tablets. We own them. We can do whatever we want with them, at least within reason and the law.
Unfortunately, that’s not true any more. Those of us with iPhones and iPads, for example, can only run programs that have been approved by Apple. We can get around this with jailbreaking, but that’s not reasonable for the average user, or even entirely legal.
The pros and cons of this have been debated to death. The interesting part is no longer iOS but Windows and Mac OS, which are moving in the same direction. Microsoft’s Windows Store certification and Apple’s Gatekeeper put both OSes on a gradual but clear path to mandatory approval, just like iOS. Of the four mainstream, end user computing platforms – Windows, Mac OS X, iOS, and Android – three of them are closed or headed that way.
Only Android will clearly continue to let you publish, distribute, and run any program you want, and even that has caveats. Regardless of which Android app store you use, your app may be removed if it’s malicious or otherwise violates their terms. You can distribute it outside an app store and let your users sideload it, but they have to dumpster dive in settings menus to enable sideloading first. It’s disabled by default.
(Sorry Linux. You may be my OS of choice, but you’re too small to count, and in this case, you’re not the same as Android. We’re talking about how programs are distributed and run, not how operating systems work under the covers.)
There were no headlines in the press about this, no protests or Congressional hearings or panicked crowds at Best Buy snapping up the last of the open devices, but make no mistake. This is historically unprecedented. Computers and OSes have been open since they were invented. This shift is a big deal.
To be clear, I’m echoing other people here. Closed app stores and platforms have generated flame wars for years, and recently people like Casey Muratori, Cory Doctorow, and Gabe Newell have expanded that commentary to look at traditional OSes like Windows and OS X and even smart appliances and other non-computers. (Muratori’s and Doctorow’s articles are particularly good reading.)
I don’t know how this will turn out. Tech savvy people can always use Linux, or jailbreak their devices, or find other ways to get around approval. The rest of can now exercise our creativity on a wide range of UGC platforms, which are bigger and broader than ever before.
You can also argue that I left out a key open platform: the web. Despite some legislators’ best efforts, there’s still no central authority that determines which webapps you can use or sites you can visit. Not in most countries, at least.
Regardless, the fact remains that we’re gradually losing control over what we can do with our computers and other devices. More and more, we have to ask permission to run the programs we want to run. I’m glad it’s only most platforms, and it will never get to 100%, but that’s not much consolation.
6 thoughts on “Do you have permission to use your computer?”
@dewitt wow. under the radar, but you’re right, that is kind of a big deal. reminds me of http://t.co/VprrnQdsOl via Twitter
Tim Sweeney writes passionately about this in a Guardian op-ed, specifically concerning Microsoft’s new UWP initiative. As expected. :(
we hit a significant milestone this past year that didn’t get much press: Android passed Windows as the operating system with the most market share, period. that’s a big deal.
Well, that escalated quickly. Epic is now suing both Apple and Google for exactly this. …well, and also for the 30% cut both take on their app stores. Both are symptoms of the core monopoly complaint.
Disappointingly, many people are seeing only the 30% cut issue, and missing the platform control vs general purpose computing issue entirely. Still, I’m very very glad Epic is tilting at this windmill. Happy hunting.
Yup. Despite Tim (Sweeney)’s best efforts, people have way over-indexed on the 30% cut part of this and ignored the user freedom and general purpose computing part. Both matter, but the latter is the bigger issue for tech and society at large, long term.
The court rulings are trickling in. Korea is requiring Apple to allow alternate IAPs, Japan settled with Apple to loosen anti-steering (“one link” 🤷), and most notably, the first ruling in the US on Epic v Apple came down. Mostly a win for Apple, the judge didn’t find that Apple was a monopoly or anti-competitive, and didn’t require them to allow other app stores, but did strike down their anti-steering rule. And maybe allow alternate IAPs? It’s not clear. Whee, sigh. Epic is appealing, of course.